How to Properly Install a Garage Door
Many companies that supply garage doors provide complete service, which includes delivery, removal of the old door, plus installation. Most individuals who purchase these doors utilize these services, essentially for the reason that garage doors are big, heavy, and somewhat complicated. Nevertheless, if you are a do-it-yourself type of person, you can install your own garage door and save a considerable sum of money. Keep reading for information on the basic procedure for installing a garage door.
The garage door installation process typically involves three essential Phases
- Basic Preparation Tasks
- The Installation Process
- Finishing and verifying the installation
Phase 1: Basic Preparation Tasks
- Go through the instructions that came with your garage door kit
- Make sure all the parts needed are present
- Make sure you have all the required tools
- Get the first garage door panel ready for installation
Reading the manufacturer’s instructions will give you an excellent overview of the installation process. Even though this article will help you understand the basic process for installing a garage door, bear in mind that some installation instructions are exclusive to your brand and model of garage door. Thus, the instructions that came with your door supersedes the following more general guidelines, and should be complied with for effective and safe installation of your garage door.
Your garage door unit should include all the parts needed for installation. As you read the installation instructions, make sure all the required parts are available. Also, ensure you understand where to install each component.
Generally, your garage door package should include panel sections, hinges which connect one section to the other, rollers which allow the door to freely open and close, track where the rollers run, brackets which allow the door to be mounted, as well as a tension spring which helps to counteract the force of gravity. There may be some differences depending upon the manufacturer and model.
Before you start installing a garage door, make sure all the parts are available. If you do not have all the required components, you may damage the door or cause injury because of improper installation.
Before you start installation, you will need the following tools: a hammer, power drill that has a screwdriver bit attached, nails, screws, a ladder (2 if you are working with an assistant). The installation process will be a piece of cake if you have the right tools as well as all the required components at arm’s length.
Attach hinges to the upper part of the door’s first panel (if they’ve not been attached already). Take a roller and slide it into the right and left hinges on the door panel. Next, connect the weather stripping that came with your garage door package to the bottom edge of the initial panel.
At this time, you may also want to drill hinge holes on the remainder of the sections, because lining up the sections precisely when on the floor will be a lot simpler. After attaching hinges to the base of each section, place the panel on the floor beside its adjacent panel. After lining up the sections precisely, drill the holes that will connect the 2 sections. This way, you will save time as well as avoid the hassle of attempting to connect the hinges whilst the sections are up within the opening.
Phase 2: The Installation Process
- Set the first garage door panel within the entrance. Center the panel weather-stripping side on the floor. It is important that you select a garage door that’s sufficiently wide to cover the space but doesn’t extend too far beyond the space. Most garage door designs are produced in standard sizes, however if your garage door opening does not accommodate any of these, you might have to go for a customized door.
If you are working alone at this phase, you can temporarily hold the panel in position by driving nails into each jamb. Drive the nails partially into the jamb and at an angle; however do not drive nails into the door panel.
- Follow the manufacturer’s instructions to bring together the horizontal, vertical and curved components of the track. These various components will be connected in separate steps thus they should be kept apart at this point. However, if required, you can connect the vertical sections to each other. The length of the vertical section should be approximately the same length as the garage door opening.
- Mount the vertical track. To do this, slide the first panel’s rollers onto the track and then lower it into place. Begin with one side after which you shift to the other. Check to see that each track is even and that panel is centered within the opening. Use the brackets provided to screw the track on to the garage door frame, but they should not be completely tightened. When installing the next panels, there might be need to make slight alterations to their positions.
- Get someone to help you mount the 2nd panel on the first panel. Note that there is no need to attach the outside hinges to the 2nd panel before putting the panel in place.
- Connect the hinges of the first panel to the underside of the 2nd panel. You can tighten the screws completely provided that the panels are precisely lined up.
- Secure the track higher up the wall ensuring that it is connected (however can still be adjusted) to the underside of the recently installed panel.
- When adding more panels to your door, repeat the steps described above.
- Examine the door to see that it is level and ensure that the vertical track is also level.
- Next, mount the horizontal track and curved track. Be sure to follow the instructions that came with your garage door package when doing this.
- If you do not to plan to utilize an automatic garage door opener, mount the supplied torque tube or spring. Make sure you follow the instructions that came with your package when doing this. Do not install the torque tube just yet if you plan to utilize an opener. The spring and/or torque tube provides lift assistance to the door and is beneficial when the door is being manually opened or closed.
Phase 3: Finishing and Verifying the Installation
- Clean up the work area. Do not forget to remove all temporary nails like the ones you hammered into the jamb. Remember to remove all obstacles, including ladders so that they do not get in your way when trying out your door.
- Check to see that the tracks are properly aligned and then ensure that all fasteners are properly tightened. Tighten the screws beginning at the base of your door and then work your way up. Check to see that your door moves freely within the track.
- Check your door one last time to see that it is properly aligned and adequately secured. If the tracks are not well aligned make necessary adjustments. Lastly, check to see that your door will stay up without you having to hold it in place. If there is a problem with this, there may be need to alter the slope of the horizontal track.
If you are not able to resolve some issues when installing a garage door, do not hesitate to contact a professional garage door service.